Full dense and highly pure TiAl/Ti2AlC in situ composites were successfully synthesized by reactive synthesis from the powder mixtures of Ti, Al and carbon black by hot-press-assisted reaction process. The reaction process, microstructure and bending strength of the TiAl/Ti2AlC in situ composites were investigated in detail. The results show that the as fabricated composites posses three phases, namely, TiAl, Ti3Al and Ti2AlC. The matrix phases are mainly equiaxed TiAl with a minor lamellar Ti3Al phase. Ti2AlC particles with size less than 1 μm are distributed uniformly in matrix grains as a reinforcing phase. When C content is 0.44 wt %, the flexural strength reaches 426.21 MPa, which is increased by 35 %.