Strength Enhancement of Bottom Ash-Based Concretes Using Metakaolin
To replace bottom ash for natural sand completely, the mix proportions of bottom ash in concrete was adjusted according to tab density and replacement ratio of Metakaolin/Cement were established. And then testing for slump, setting time, and compressive strength was conducted. According to test results, the compressive strength of concrete using the bottom ash was lower than that of concrete using natural sand (BAO concrete). But by adjusting the amount of bottom ash in concrete according tab density so that the fine aggregate proportions change 44% to 38%, the compressive strength of concrete using the bottom ash could even be higher than BAO concrete. And the chloric content of concrete using the bottom ash increased as the replacement ratio of bottom ash increased, but it is satisfied with the chloric content of fresh concrete 0.30 kg/m2 below (concrete standard specification regulation value).
Hyungsun Kim, Jian Feng Yang, Chuleol Hee Han, Somchai Thongtem and Soo Wohn Lee
J. M. Zhao et al., "Strength Enhancement of Bottom Ash-Based Concretes Using Metakaolin", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 695, pp. 287-290, 2011