Studies on Corrosion Behavior of S-165 and HP Supermartensitic Stainless Steels in Cl- Environment
Supermartensitic stainless steel grades are widely used in oil and gas industries to substitute duplex and super duplex stainless steels these years. In this paper the corrosion behavior of supermartensitic stainless steels with different chemical compositions, S-165 and HP, was investigated in Cl- environment. All the samples were treated by quenching at 1000 °C followed by tempering at 630 °C for 2h. After heat treatment, potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were determined on both kinds of samples. Polarization curves shows that the metastable pitting nucleuses were formed in passive area and the Cr content is the most important factor leading to the differences of pitting potential. The potentiodynamic polarization curves were conducted at various NaCl contents (5000, 15000 and 35000 ppm) and emphasized the need to account for the Cl- sensitivity of samples under corrosion environment. The results show that, the pitting potential decrease with the increase of chloride contents. The behavior of passive film was analyzed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.
Hyungsun Kim, Jian Feng Yang, Chuleol Hee Han, Somchai Thongtem and Soo Wohn Lee
D. Wang et al., "Studies on Corrosion Behavior of S-165 and HP Supermartensitic Stainless Steels in Cl- Environment", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 695, pp. 425-428, 2011