This paper was dedicated to elucidate an investigation of abrasive wear and surface topography of Titanium alloy TA15 on dry grinding with zirconia alumina belt. In the investigation, experiments were performed on milling machine XS5040 equipped with assembled belt grinding device. The wear abrasive, surface morphology of machined belt in different phase were analyzed using 3D viewer microscope. The results show that the wear of belt abrasive is mainly steady attritions wear since zirconia alumina belt was stable on dry grinding. At higher grinding force, the abrasive was found to undergo dislodging prior to being gradually worn. So zirconia alumina belt has excellent performance in the dry grinding titanium alloy.