Trying to analysis the influence of the instability of carbide tool materials on cutting temperature measurement by natural thermocouples, a series of experiments calibrating the thermal emf properties of tool inserts were carried out with an improved tool-workpiece thermocouple calibration device. Four chosen types of carbide tools were examined to detect their thermal emf on their different cutting edge areas. By calculating and comparing the thermal emf waving range of them, the thermal emf stability of carbide tools and the temperature measurement error lead by it was evaluated. As the experiments result, the influence was confirmed. The thermal emf variation among the cemented carbide tools was detailed by using certain statistics processing to the experiment data.