The surface texture in fcc metals has been investigated after wear tests in a dry-running pin-on-disk test machine and after metallographic surface grinding. X-ray pole figures have been measured at a low angle of incidence of the primary beam, using an area detector for recording the diffraction patterns. SAD pole figures have been acquired on cross sections on-line in the TEM for examining the gradient of texture and microstructure beneath the surface. The XRD and SAD pole figures have been evaluated by ODF calculation. Wear and abrasion textures are distinctly different both for copper and bronze as well as for brass.