Nanoelectrode-Gated Detection of Individual Molecules with Potential for Rapid DNA Sequencing

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A systematic nanoelectrode-gated electron-tunneling molecular-detection concept with potential for rapid DNA sequencing has recently been invented at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A DNA molecule is a polymer that typically contains four different types of nucleotide bases: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C) on its phosphate-deoxyribose chain. According to the nanoelectrode-gated molecular-detection concept, it should be possible to obtain genetic sequence information by probing through a DNA molecule base by base at a nanometer scale, as if looking at a strip of movie film. The nanoscale reading of DNA sequences is envisioned to take place at a nanogap (gate) defined by a pair of nanoelectrode tips as a DNA molecule moves through the gate base by base. The rationale is that sample molecules, such as the four different nucleotide bases, each with a distinct chemical composition and structure, should produce a specific perturbation effect on the tunneling electron beam across the two nanoelectrode tips. A sample molecule could thus be detected when it enters the gate. This nanoscience-based approach could lead to a new DNA sequencing technology that could be thousands of times faster than the current technology (Sanger’s “dideoxy” protocol-based capillary electrophoresis systems). Both computational and experimental studies are underway at ORNL towards demonstrating this nanotechnology concept.

Info:

Periodical:

Solid State Phenomena (Volumes 121-123)

Edited by:

Chunli BAI, Sishen XIE, Xing ZHU

Pages:

1379-1386

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.121-123.1379

Citation:

J. W. Lee "Nanoelectrode-Gated Detection of Individual Molecules with Potential for Rapid DNA Sequencing", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 121-123, pp. 1379-1386, 2007

Online since:

March 2007

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$35.00

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