Polystyrene/Plasma Treated Clay Nanocomposite
One of weak point of PS/clay nanocomposite is the lack of interfacial adhesion between clay and polystyrene matrix. In this research, the radical sites on the clay surface were induced via the plasma technique. The optimum condition for this process was investigated and used to treat bentonite before grafting styrene on clay structure. The increase of basel-spacing of clay was not noticeable from XRD spectra, but the FT-IR spectra showed characteristic peak of polystyrene implied that the styrene grafting was occurred on the outer surface of the clay. The impact strength is quite improved, especially for the higher ratio of styrene/clay during the grafting step.
Chunli BAI, Sishen XIE, Xing ZHU
P. Tasanatanachai and R. Magaraphan, "Polystyrene/Plasma Treated Clay Nanocomposite", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 121-123, pp. 1493-1496, 2007