Effect of L21 Ordering on the Martensitic and Intermartensitic Transformations in a Ni-Mn-Ga Shape Memory Alloy
The present work analyses the influence of austenite ordering on a single crystal Ni-Mn- Ga alloy which displays, on cooling, a sequence of martensitic (MT) and intermartensitic (IMT) transformations. The MT and IMT show distinct behaviour after ageing in austenite: while the MT temperatures are not affected by the performed heat treatments, the IMT shifts toward lower temperatures after quenching from increasing temperatures, progressive recovery occurring upon ageing in parent phase. Such evolution can be related to changes in the L21 order degree, in the sense that ordering favours the occurrence of the intermartensitic transformation, while it does not affect noticeably the forward and reverse martensitic transformation temperatures. The closeness of the free energies of the different martensite structures allows to explain this behaviour.
Danuta Stróż & Małgorzata Karolus
C. Seguí et al., "Effect of L21 Ordering on the Martensitic and Intermartensitic Transformations in a Ni-Mn-Ga Shape Memory Alloy", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 130, pp. 127-134, 2007