The Major Problems and Countermeasures on the Shield Machine Tunneling in the Hard Rock Stratum
With the rapid development of urban construction, the shield construction technology has been greatly developed. Shield tunneling method generally adapts to relatively uniform soil, soft rock and sand rock strata, and the shield tunnel construction has been more mature for the homogeneous strata. However, for the soft and hard interbedded strata, how to solve the problems of breaking the hard rock, increasing the tunneling efficiency and reducing the construction costs, are difficult problems in the shield tunnel construction. In this paper, based on a great deal of theoretical analyses and engineering practices, the effective methods of improving the efficiency of tunneling, reducing cutter wearing and decreasing the construction costs in the process of the shield tunneling construction in hard rock and gravel layer are proposed.
Paul P. Lin and Chunliang Zhang
K. R. Hong and R. H. Yang, "The Major Problems and Countermeasures on the Shield Machine Tunneling in the Hard Rock Stratum", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 105-107, pp. 1438-1442, 2012