Parametric Optimization in Electrochemical Machining of EN-31 Steel Based on Grey Relation Approach
Electrochemical machining is one of the widely used non-traditional machining processes to machine complicated shapes for electrically conducting but difficult-to-machine materials such as superalloys, Ti-alloys, alloy steel, tool steel, stainless steel, etc. Use of optimal ECM process parameters can significantly reduce the ECM operating, tooling, and maintenance cost and will produce components of higher accuracy. This paper investigates the effect and parametric optimization of process parameters for Electrochemical machining of EN-31 steel using grey relation analysis. The process parameters considered are electrolyte concentration, feed rate and applied voltage and are optimized with considerations of multiple performance characteristics including material removal rate, overcut and cylindricity error. Analysis of variance is performed to get contribution of each parameter on the performance characteristics and it was observed that feed rate is the significant process parameter that affects the ECM robustness. The experimental results for the optimal setting show that there is considerable improvement in the process. The application of this technique converts the multi response variable to a single response Grey relational grade and, therefore, simplifies the optimization procedure.
A. V. Gopal and D. Chakradhar, "Parametric Optimization in Electrochemical Machining of EN-31 Steel Based on Grey Relation Approach", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 110-116, pp. 1649-1656, 2012