Maximum Power Point Tracking for Solar PV System
Solar energy systems have emerged as a viable source of renewable energy over the past two or three decades, and are now widely used for a variety of industrial and domestic applications. This paper shows the potential system benefits of simple tracking solar system using a stepper motor and light sensor. This method is increasing power collection efficiency by developing a device that tracks the sun to keep the panel at a right angle to its rays. Such systems are based on a solar collector, designed to collect the sun’s energy and to convert it into either electrical power or thermal energy The output power produced by high-concentration solar thermal and photovoltaic systems is directly related to the amount of solar energy acquired by the system, and it is therefore necessary to track the sun’s position with a high degree of accuracy. The power developed in such applications depends fundamentally upon the amount of solar energy captured by the collector, and thus the problem of developing tracking schemes capable of following the trajectory of the sun throughout the course of the day on a year-round basis has received significant coverage in the literature. A solar tracking system is designed, implemented and experimentally tested. The design details and the experimental results are incorporated in this paper.
S. Gupta et al., "Maximum Power Point Tracking for Solar PV System", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 110-116, pp. 2034-2037, 2012