This paper aims to investigate cutting conditions influence on main cutting force and surface roughness based on considered chip form types in cast nylon turning operation with single-point high speed steel cutting tool. The 75 experiments were performed by average of three levels of cutting speed, five levels of cutting depth and five levels of feed rate. The results reveal that main cutting forces were increased by an increasing of cutting speed and cutting depth for all obtained chip form types for all chip form types. The surface roughness is affected by increasing of feed rate and reduction of cutting speed for 2.3 Snarled and 4.3 Snarled chip form types. The statistical path-coefficient analysis results are shown that the main cutting force affected by cutting speed, depth of cut and feed rate with total causal effect value of 0.5537, 0.4785 and 0.1718, respectively. The surface roughness is influenced by feed rate, cutting speed and depth of cut with 0.8400, -0.2419 and-0.0711 of total causal effect value, respectively. These results are useful to perform varying cutting conditions for high quality of workpiece in cast nylon turning by control the chip form type.