This paper analyses the process of obtaining real color image based on a single CCD/CMOS sensor. Bayer CFA Interpolation algorithm and White Balance algorithm are presented. The proposed interpolation algorithm which can obtain better color image and is easier to implement by hardware is provided. In order to cancel chromatic aberration, one White Balance algorithm which aims at sequential image is presented and process of FPGA design is given. Experimental results show that the design works normally. The color of corrected picture is vivid compared to the real world.