3-D Finite Element Simulation of Impact Damage of Laminated Plates Using Solid-Shell Interface Elements
This paper presents the finite element damage simulation of laminated plates induced by low-velocity transverse impact. The solid elements are used to model the laminae, and the solid-shell interface elements are employed to characterize the behavior of the interfacial layers of the laminated plates. The material properties of the adhesive layers are used in the solid-shell interfacial elements for the damage prediction. The simulated damage propagation agrees well with the experimental results. Therefore, the numerical results show that the solid-shell interface element is a good computational model for the interfacial layer modeling in the damage simulation.
C. Wang et al., "3-D Finite Element Simulation of Impact Damage of Laminated Plates Using Solid-Shell Interface Elements", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 130-134, pp. 766-770, 2012