In order to strengthen the study on rockburst prediction and inquire the relationship between rockburst proneness of rock and its AE b-value, we select three typical rocks of volcanic, sedimentary, and metamorphic to conduct indoor rock mechanics test. Uniaxial compression test are carried to calculate the rockburst proneness of three kinds of rocks, at the meantime we collect the acoustic emission signal during the whole process by acoustic emission instrument. After analyzing the different AE features of all kinds of rocks, we find that the AE b-values of three kinds of rocks both develop in the beginning of two different loading conditions. The AE b-values of marble and sandstone change in a more stable way, and the b-value of granite decline at the 50% of the peak stress. The b-value of granite is the biggest and the sandstone’s is the smallest.