Carrier Transport Enhancement in Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaics with Boron or Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotubes
We present the remarkable performance improvement of organic solar cells upon incorporating N- or B-doped carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into the organic semiconductor active layer. A small amount (0.2-5.0 wt%) of doped multi-walled CNTs are added to the bulk-heterojuction of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl) propyl-1-phenyl[6,6]C61 (PCBM). Unlike undoped metallic multi-walled CNTs, which cause undesired electron-hole recombination, N- or B-doped CNTs uniformly dispersed in the active layer selectively enhance electron or hole transport, respectively, and eventually help carrier collection. Specifically, the incorporation of 1.0 wt% B-doped CNTs results in a balanced electron and hole transport and accomplishes a power conversion efficiency improvement from 3.0 % (conventional control cells without CNTs) to 4.1 %.
H. I. Park et al., "Carrier Transport Enhancement in Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaics with Boron or Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotubes", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 229-231, pp. 267-270, 2012