Analysis of Square Billet Cross Wedge Rolling Process Using Finite Element Method
The aim of this paper is to determine whether the train axle cross wedge rolling(CWR) using square billet as blank is available or not. Based on numerical simulation software DEFORM-3D, we built the finite element model. And the whole forming process was simulated successfully. The stress and strain distributions of workpiece in the process were analyzed. The effect of forming angle, stretching angle and billet size on rolling force was investigated, then determined the proper process parameters. The differences between the round billet rolling and the square billet rolling were obtained by comparing the tangential, axial and radial forces during the rolling process. The studied results show the availability of using square billet as blank in train axle CWR and provide important realistic meaning and application value.
Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
W. Y. Ma et al., "Analysis of Square Billet Cross Wedge Rolling Process Using Finite Element Method", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 271-272, pp. 406-411, 2013