Experimental and Numerical Study on Unreliability of Young’s Modulus Measurement by Conventional Split Hopkinson Bar
The split Hopkinson bar (SHB) technique has been widely used to determine dynamic plastic/damage properties of materials at high strain rates. But presently, a number of researchers used it to measure the so-called dynamic Young’s moduli. This paper aims at the feasibility to determine Young’s moduli by conventional SHB. The strain-stress curves of two kinds of metals, 45# steel and LY-12 aluminum, were measured by a conventional SHB facility. The corresponding numerical experiments were performed by ABAQUS/Explicit. The curves obtained by the both procedures agree well in elastic stage (strain range 0-0.5% assumed). But the slopes of the linearly fitted curves, i.e. the so-called dynamic Young’s moduli, are much different from the corresponding real values. The significant errors come from the non-uniformity of stress in specimen during the beginning stage of loading process. The results clarify that it is unfeasible to measure Young’s moduli by conventional SHB.
Y. J. Mao et al., "Experimental and Numerical Study on Unreliability of Young’s Modulus Measurement by Conventional Split Hopkinson Bar", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 29-32, pp. 68-71, 2010