Fe2B is a kind of typical intermetallic compound, which has good corrosion resistance in molten zinc. However, the fatal intrinsic brittleness limits its further application in the Hot-Dip Galvanizing Industry. Therefore, it is worthwhile to improve the toughness of Fe2B phase. In this study, the fracture toughness property of Fe2B phase with and without micro-addition chromium is investigated. In comparison with pure Fe2B phase, the intrinsic brittleness of Fe2B phase with chromium is lower. In addition, the valence electron structure of Fe2B containing various chromium content is calculated by the method of bond length difference (BLD). The results show that, in the (Fe1-x Crx)2B phase, the number of covalent electron pairs and the weaker bond energy are increased by the substituting atom-Cr. The calculated results are in good agreement with experimental observations.