The Biaxial Stress-Strain Curves of Sheet Metals
Biaxial tensile tests of 5754O aluminum alloy sheet and B170P1 steel sheet were performed under linear loading paths with cruciform specimens and a biaxial loading testing machine. The stress-strain curves under different loading paths were obtained. It is found that the loading path has a significant influence on the stress-strain curves, i.e., the stress-strain curves vary with the loading path. The stress-strain curves in the rolling direction become higher with the decrease of the loading ratio (the ratio of the load along the rolling direction to that along the transverse direction) from 4:0 to 4:4. Meanwhile the stress-strain curves in the transverse direction become lower with the decrease of the loading ratio from 4:4 to 0:4. Based on Yld2000-2d yield criterion, the experimental phenomena of the two kinds of sheet metals under biaxial tension were explained theoretically.
H. B. Wang et al., "The Biaxial Stress-Strain Curves of Sheet Metals", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 44-47, pp. 2519-2523, 2011