Diagnosing National Culture Elements for Successful TQM Implementation: Case Study in Libya
This paper is to investigate the current status of national culture variables in Libyan manufacturing companies to furnish a base for TQM framework design. In order to achieve the objectives, an extensive literature review had been carried out, this was followed by a survey questionnaire conducted in major manufacturing industries in Libya (Oil & Gas Sector and Industrial Sector). SPSS software was used for performing the analysis, we found that Libyan manufacturing culture comprises of high power distance, slightly high uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation and masculine society. We also found that the society is on average of individualistic collectivistic dimension. The findings compared with other studies and suggested for future improvement of the Libyan companies.
M. A. Shokshok et al., "Diagnosing National Culture Elements for Successful TQM Implementation: Case Study in Libya", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 44-47, pp. 506-511, 2011