Numerical Simulations of Aerodynamic Feature for Variable Speed Offshore Wind Turbine
The liquid-gas flow is proposed to accurately simulate the offshore environmental state. The aerodynamic feature is estimated using the three-dimensional model of horizontal-axis wind turbine with NRELS809 series aerofoil by means of the simulating software tool of FLUENT. The variable speed is implemented via the six different wind speeds. The calculated results show that the similarly evolutional tendency of velocity occurs in the wake region when operating at the six variable speeds. The stall speed is related to blade height and wind speed. The small blade height or large wind speed also leads to the serious stall phenomenon. The total force is conducted to estimate the potential capability for leeward and windward surface to capture wind power. The calculated results reveal that the larger wind speed facilitates generating the more magnitude of total force. However, the velocity and force feature for the wind turbine has the especially rapid change at the wind speed of 6 m/s, which perhaps results from the intrinsic geometry and configuration.
P. He et al., "Numerical Simulations of Aerodynamic Feature for Variable Speed Offshore Wind Turbine", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 52-54, pp. 1556-1559, 2011