Real-Time Trajectory Optimisation Models for Next Generation Air Traffic Management Systems
This paper presents models and algorithms for real-time 4-Dimensional Flight Trajectory (4DT) operations in the next generation Communications, Navigation, Surveillance/Air Traffic Management (CNS/ATM) systems. In particular, the models are employed for multi-objective optimisation of 4DT intents in ground-based 4DT Planning, Negotiation and Validation (4-PNV) systems and in airborne Next Generation Flight Management Systems (NG-FMS). The assumed timeframe convention for offline and online air traffic operations is introduced and discussed. The adopted formulation of the multi-objective 4DT optimisation problem includes a number of environmental objectives and operational constraints. In particular, the paper describes a real-time multi-objective optimisation algorithm and the generalised expression of cost function adopted for penalties associated with specific airspace volumes, accounting for weather models, condensation trails models and noise models.
R. Varatharajoo, F.I. Romli, K.A. Ahmad, D.L. Majid and F. Mustapha
A. Gardi et al., "Real-Time Trajectory Optimisation Models for Next Generation Air Traffic Management Systems", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 629, pp. 327-332, 2014