The Dynamic Characteristics of a Couple System by Pedestrian Bridge and Walking Persons
The human body forms a complex dynamic system with more than one natural frequency and provides considerable damping capacities. In a simplified approach active persons can be modeled as external loads. While this approach may be sufficient for an activity like jumping, it has been shown already that for a bobbing person some interaction effects may occur. The question arises if also pedestrians are able to influence the dynamic characteristics of the structure they are actually crossing. Observations during a mass event with several thousand persons crossing a 66 m long bridge indicate that the damping capacity of the coupled structure may have increased. In this paper a single beam experiment was operated. The basic idea is to use a known background excitation induced by a shaker. It can be seen that both natural frequency and damping ratio have been changed comparing with empty structure. The change with passive person is stronger that an active person. Meanwhile, the linear sweep method which was used in measurement provides a good result for the analysis of dynamic properties of a structure.
Dongye Sun, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
D. Wang et al., "The Dynamic Characteristics of a Couple System by Pedestrian Bridge and Walking Persons", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 71-78, pp. 1499-1506, 2011