Geochemistry and Source Apportionment of Atmospheric Particulate Matter in Jiaozuo City
A total of 28 atmospheric particulate matter samples were collected at Henan Polytechnic University in the southeast of Jiaozuo city during October to December 2010. The daily concentrations of PM10 vary from 190.76 to 670.14 μg/m3, with the average concentration of 359.36 μg/m3. The concentrations of Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn and Pb in PM10 are determined by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF). The result shows that the fifteen elements quality accounts for 17.3%~36.7% of total mass. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) results show that six minerals are identified in the atmospheric particles. They are quartz, gypsum, kaolinite, sal-ammoniac, calcite, and albite, which account for 29%, 29%, 18%, 17%, 4% and 3%, respectively. The principle component analysis (PCA) model is used for source apportionment of PM10. The research results show that there are four sources: architecture/smelting action, coal combustion/traffic action, soil dust and particular industrial action.
Dongye Sun, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
D. Y. Song and C. B. Yang, "Geochemistry and Source Apportionment of Atmospheric Particulate Matter in Jiaozuo City", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 71-78, pp. 2867-2872, 2011