The uniform zonal disintegration of surrounding rock is the peculiar phenomena of deep and high stress field, researching the inner mechanism and affecting factors has important meaning for guaranteeing the safety of deep engineering. The paper adopted strain soft Mohr-Coulomb model and carried out numerical simulation of surrounding rock fracture and excavation. The simulation states that along with the unloading time accumulation, the shear belt produced from tunnel wall and developed to inner rock. The corresponding shear stress concentration zone also spread to inner rock and destroy zone increasing. The pore water pressure increasing will accelerate the shear belt developing and increase the destroy degree.