Continuous optical fiber sensing technique has the advantages of continuous measurement, corrosion preventing, anti-electromagnetic interference and high precision. This paper integrates continuous optical fiber into smart structure system. It combines the advantages of continuous optical fibers with self-adapting function of smart structures. It may have wide uses in engineering. But it is developing. It has some key technologies to be solved, such as the manufacture and embedment technique of special optical fibers, optimized arrangements of fibers, smart identification of the signal, analysis processing for enormous data and realization of self-adapting function.