To reduce safe distance such as inhabited building distance (IBD), a new type magazine, which is referred to as a subsurface magazine, has been proposed and the explosion effects have been discussed. We have conducted explosive tests by using relatively large scale models (23 kg and 78 kg in mass) and examined mass effect (scale effect) of blast waves caused by explosion of high explosives. The magazines were composed of a arch-type explosive storage room with a line hinge along the top of the roof of the wall, a square passage way to ground which will release the blast wave. Explosion hazards from the explosion of subsurface magazines were collected to understand the characteristics of airblast, fragments, and ground shocks. Safety criteria for the subsurface magazine are discussed based on the experimental results.