A new reinforcement technology with prestressed helical rib steel wire bonded in sawed grooves in the concrete cover is presented, based on the deficiency of the presented reinforcement methods. Four test beams NSM prestressed steel spiral ribs are tested in this paper. The stiffness expression of the reinforced concrete beams in different stages is derived and the stiffness formulas of the reinforced concrete beams are gained, based on the general deformation principles of reinforced concrete beams and the characteristics of the reinforced concrete beam NSM prestressed steel spiral ribs. The results of the calculation and the experimental results show good agreement. It shows that the reinforced concrete beam NSM prestressed steel spiral ribs can effectively delay the development of cracks, reduce the component deformation and increase its stiffness. The results provide an experimental basis for the reinforcement method in practical engineering applications.