Effects of Sintering Temperature on Microstructure and Properties in TiO2 Varistor Ceramics
The effects of sintering temperature on microstructure, micro-composition, barrier structure and electrical properties of TiO2 varistors ceramics were investigated. The microstructures and chemical compositions of grains in TiO2 ceramics were measured by SEM and EDS. Based on the thermo electronic emission theory, Grain boundaries barrier structure was calculated by analyzing electrical properties of samples. The sample sintered at 1350°C exhibits better microstructure and properties. The grains size of the TiO2 sample sintered at 1350°C is about 15m, and other electrical properties are as follows: solid solubility of donor doping Nb5+ cation solute in TiO2 grains of 1.49mol%, barriers height of 0.28ev, barriers width of 48nm, varistor voltages of 5.25V/mm, non-linear coefficient of 4.2 and relative dielectric constant of 1.1×104.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
J. K. Yan et al., "Effects of Sintering Temperature on Microstructure and Properties in TiO2 Varistor Ceramics ", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 105-106, pp. 324-328, 2010