Improvement of Second-Order Optical Nonlinearity in Transparent Ba2TiGe2O8 Crystallized Glasses Prepared in High Magnetic Field
A high magnetic field of H = 10 T was applied to 30BaO-15TiO2-55GeO2 glass through its crystallization process. It was found that the c-axis of Ba2TiGe2O8 optical nonlinear/ferroelectric crystals oriented along the magnetic field. The second harmonic intensity of crystallized glass which the high magnetic field was applied perpendicular to the surface of glass was enhanced compared with a conventional crystallization in no magnetic field. Transparencies, photorefractive indices and thicknesses were also measured. As a result, crystal orientation of Ba2TiGe2O8 in glass matrix induced by a high magnetic field causes improvement of transparency and low value of photorefractive index.
Masayuki Nogami, Riguang Jin, Toshihiro Kasuga and Wantai Yang
N. Toyohara et al., "Improvement of Second-Order Optical Nonlinearity in Transparent Ba2TiGe2O8 Crystallized Glasses Prepared in High Magnetic Field", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 11-12, pp. 193-196, 2006