The drilling burr is taken as the research object. A mathematical model of electrochemical deburring (ECD) is established and the effects of main influencing factors, such as inter-electrode gap, applied voltage and deburring time, on burr height have been analyzed. The results show that the deburring time increases with the increase of initial burr height, inter-electrode gap, with the decrease of volume of electrochemical equivalent of the workpiece material, conductivity of electrolyte and applied voltage. The deburring time for various burr heights can be predicted by the mathematical model. The calculated results obtained from the mathematical model are approximately consistent with the experimental results. The results show that initial burr height h0=0.722mm is removed, and the fillet radius R=0.211mm is obtained.