Phyllostachys heterocycla, who was considered to have biohealth function in folk, is becoming a major biomass in rooms. Therefore, the chemical components from Phyllostachys heterocycla were identified by TD-GC/MS at different temperature. The main function components of Phyllostachys heterocycla biomass at 40°С were 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, mono(2-ethylhexyl) ester(21.32%), [1,1':3',1''-terphenyl]-2'-ol(9.16%), (2,3-diphenylcyclopropyl)methyl ph enyl sulfoxide, trans-(6.54%), cedrol(6.11%), bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, 1,7,7- trimethyl-, (1r)- (6.04%), 1,6-cyclodecadiene, 1-methyl-5-met hylene-8-(1-methylethyl)- (4.82%), 1-heptadecanamine(4.79%), propanedioic acid, methyl-, diethy l ester(4.36%), squalene(4.25%), etc. And the main function components at 60°С were1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, mono(2-ethylhexyl) ester(14.02%), camphor(10.57%), [1,1':3',1''-terphenyl]-2'-ol(6.91%), pentanoic acid, 2-benzenmethanimin yl-5-guanidinyl-(5.68%), 1,6-cyclodecadiene, 1-methyl-5-methyl- (5.27%), cedrol(4.83%), 2-bromo-2,2-dichloroethylcarbamic acid, ethyl ester(4.56%), n-n-butylpropionamide(4.49%), bicyclo[3.1.1]heptane, 6,6-dimethy l-2-methylene-, (1s)- (4.12%), etc. Phyllostachys heterocycla biomass was more healthy to human at 40°С than 60°С. So Phyllostachys heterocycla biomass was fit to use after drying.