The Effect of Filler ER4043 and ER5356 on Porosity Distribution of Welded AA6061 Aluminum Alloy
The filler metal used during welding process is believed to play an important role on porosity formation in aluminium alloy welded. The present investigation is aimed to study the effect of different fillers ER4043 (Al-5%Si) and ER5356 (Al-5%Mg) on porosity formation of AA6061 alloy welded joints. Butt-joint welds were made on 6 mm thick plates using 21 – 22 V arc voltages by using Gas Metal Arc Welding process (GMAW). The hardness profile of each types of AA6061 welded joints for both fillers were characterized by the Vickers microhardness test. In order to study the formation and distribution of porosity, the images of analysis were obtained using the X- ray CT-Scan. It was observed that, more porosities were found in the alloy AA6061 using ER4043 compared to ER5356 filler metals with the percentage area value of porosity about 18.3 and 8.4%, respectively. The hardness profile of ER5356 and ER4043 welded materials exhibited the similar hardness pattern profile. It is proposed that Si and Mg contents in the filler metal could play significant role in the distribution of porosity. No significant effect was observed on the hardness profile for both filler metals of welded materials.
Sihai Jiao, Zhengyi Jiang and Jinglong Bu
C. L. Nur Azida et al., "The Effect of Filler ER4043 and ER5356 on Porosity Distribution of Welded AA6061 Aluminum Alloy", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 146-147, pp. 987-990, 2011