To enhance the wear resistance of molybdenum alloys, Mo-based composites reinforced by Al2O3 ceramic particles were developed. Using Al(NO3)3 aqueous solution and MoO3 as raw materials, the Molybdenum powders mixed with Al2O3 particles were prepared by liquid-solid incorporation, drying, pyrolysis of Al(NO3)3 and deoxidation of MoO3 by H2. And then the Mo-based composites with 3-10vol.% Alumina were prepared by compaction and sintering at 1840°C. The morphology of the Molybdenum powder and microstructure of the composites were analyzed by SEM and XRD. The micro-hardness, density and wear property of composites were researched. The results showed that α-Al2O3 ceramic particles and Molybdenum matrix compose the composites. With the increase of Alumina content, the molybdenum powders become fine and rule, the grains of composites become fine, the microhardness of Molybdenum matrix increases, and the density first increases and then decreases. The friction coefficient of composite is scarcely affected by the alumina content. While the wear weight of the composite decrease with the increase of Alumina content. There are obvious plow furrow and abrasive dust on the worn surface, showing the abrasive wear characterization.