Preparation of Exfoliated Polyethylene/Clay Nanocomposites at High Clay Content
The polyethylene/montmorillonite (PE/MMT) nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending the organic MMT with the ternary-monomer graft copolymers of polyethylene (GPE) which were prepared by solid phase grafting maleic anhydride, methyl methacrylate and butyl acrylate onto PE. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to characterize the structure of GPE. X-ray diffraction patterns and transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the morphology of GPE/MMT nanocomposites. Results showed that GPE was an outstanding polymeric material to prepare an exfoliated polymer/layered silicates nanocomposites due to the high polarity of GPE and high graft degree. Most layered silicates still maintain the exfoliated and well dispersed state even at 40 phr OMMT content. The exfoliation of layered silicates was attributed to the well intercalation and easy wetting of the grafted oligomers.
Jinglong Bu, Zhengyi Jiang and Sihai Jiao
H. Q. Hong et al., "Preparation of Exfoliated Polyethylene/Clay Nanocomposites at High Clay Content", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 150-151, pp. 561-564, 2011