The Ba doped tantalum oxide (Ba-Ta2O5) particles were synthesized using low temperature hydrothermal method. The phase structure of samples was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The result showed that Ba-Ta2O5 had still good crystallinity and belonged to rhombic crystal. The catalytic activity of samples was investigated with the degradation methylene blue (MB) under visible light. The degradation efficiency attained 82% when the reaction time was 12 h. The kinetics of MB degradation was respect to the first-order.