Synthesis of Leaf-Shaped α-Fe2O3 Nanoflakes
We report the synthesis of single-crystalline α-Fe2O3 nanoflakes by the oxidation reaction of water vapor through a gas-solid method. The samples are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), micro-Raman spectrometer, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). As-synthesized nanoflakes have a pseudotriangle morphology: 20-50 nm in thickness, 0.5-1.5 μm in length and base-width. It is observed that vertically aligned arrays of leaf-like α-Fe2O3 grow at the verges of the iron foils. The possible mechanism is discussed to elucidate the formation of α-Fe2O3 nanostructures. The experimental results indicate that water vapor plays an important role in controlling the morphology of the final products.
Guojun Zhang and Jessica Xu
Q. Han et al., "Synthesis of Leaf-Shaped α-Fe2O3 Nanoflakes", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 160-162, pp. 1006-1011, 2011