Stress-Chemistry Mechanism of Mortars Made with Steel Slag Sand
A stress-chemistry method was used to investigate the expansion behavior of mortars made with steel slag sand (SSM). The results indicated that periclase and free CaO were the main mineral components resulted in expansion of SSM by means of volume increment and local stress concentration after hydration. So it can be concluded that stress concentration arised from enrichment and uneven distribution of expansile mineral components was the main reason resulted in the volume expansion of SSM. Model of expansion of SSM was built according to the characteristics of crack and types of versicolor particles.
Y. X. Lun et al., "Stress-Chemistry Mechanism of Mortars Made with Steel Slag Sand", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 163-167, pp. 899-903, 2011