Hydrogenolysis of Glycerol to Propanediols over Nano-Ru/C Catalyst with Ionic Liquid Addition
Supported ruthenium catalyst on nano-activated carbon (2%Ru/C) and titania (2%Ru/TiO2) were prepared by wet impregnation technique with and without ionic liquid addition (choline chloride with different Lewis acid). Mole ratio of choline chloride and Lewis acid were fixed at 1:3. Catalysts evaluation was performed by glycerol hydrogenolysis reaction at 100°C with initial hydrogen pressure 20 bars for 7 hours reaction. The results showed that supported ruthenium on activated carbon acetylene black with addition of choline chloride/zinc (II) chloride catalyst indicated 30.7% of glycerol converted to 20.6% propylene glycol and 11.4% ethylene glycol. Catalysts profile of XRD showed graphitic phase which could reduce catalyst poisoning effect. XPS analysis showed that Ru/CC-ZnCl2/C catalyst spesies was in Ru4+ state before reaction. In the meantime, mapping analysis using FE-SEM showed well dispersion of ruthenium metal on nano-activated carbon acetylene black with addition of choline chloride/zinc (II) chloride gave the highest selectivity to propanediol. Furthermore, smaller size of nano activated carbon (30-60 nm) than titania (90-120nm) analyzed by TEM may the main course in increasing the conversion of glycerol.
Zainal Arifin Ahmad, Muhd Ambar Yarmo, Fauziah Haji Abdul Aziz, Dr. Meor Yusoff Meor Sulaiman, Badrol Ahmad, Khairul Nizar Ismail, Nik Akmar Rejab
A. Alias et al., "Hydrogenolysis of Glycerol to Propanediols over Nano-Ru/C Catalyst with Ionic Liquid Addition", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 173, pp. 49-54, 2011