Pre-Oxidation Nanofibers from Acrylonitrile-Acrylamide Copolymers Synthesized by Solvent-Water Polymerization
Solvent-water suspension free-radical polymerization method was used to synthesize acrylonitrile(AN)-acrylamide(AM) copolymers in this paper. The copolymerization was carried out with azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as an initiator and dimethysulfoxide (DMSO)/ water solution as solvents at a constant monomer ratio (AN:AM(wt)=85:15). The ratio(wt) AN:AM=100:0 was also be used for a comparison. The structure and properties of the copolymers was studied by fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetry(TG). The nanofibers were obtained by electrospinning AN-AM copolymer solution with N,N-Dimethyl acetamide(DMAc) as a solvent. Then, the fibers were pre-oxidized in relaxation state and in air by using an oven. The structure of pre-oxidized nanofibers was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and FT-IR. The results showed that the ratio of dimethysulfoxide (DMSO)/water 50/50(v) was optimum for the copolymer properties and nanofiber spinnability as a carbon nanofiber precursor. The copolymer fibers only needed lower preoxidation temperature and shorter preoxidation time to reach the same degree of cyclization due to the introduction of AM.
Lun Bai and Guo-Qiang Chen
J. Sun et al., "Pre-Oxidation Nanofibers from Acrylonitrile-Acrylamide Copolymers Synthesized by Solvent-Water Polymerization", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 175-176, pp. 164-169, 2011