Pre-Oxidation Nanofibers from Acrylonitrile-Acrylamide Copolymers Synthesized by Solvent-Water Polymerization

Abstract:

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Solvent-water suspension free-radical polymerization method was used to synthesize acrylonitrile(AN)-acrylamide(AM) copolymers in this paper. The copolymerization was carried out with azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as an initiator and dimethysulfoxide (DMSO)/ water solution as solvents at a constant monomer ratio (AN:AM(wt)=85:15). The ratio(wt) AN:AM=100:0 was also be used for a comparison. The structure and properties of the copolymers was studied by fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetry(TG). The nanofibers were obtained by electrospinning AN-AM copolymer solution with N,N-Dimethyl acetamide(DMAc) as a solvent. Then, the fibers were pre-oxidized in relaxation state and in air by using an oven. The structure of pre-oxidized nanofibers was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and FT-IR. The results showed that the ratio of dimethysulfoxide (DMSO)/water 50/50(v) was optimum for the copolymer properties and nanofiber spinnability as a carbon nanofiber precursor. The copolymer fibers only needed lower preoxidation temperature and shorter preoxidation time to reach the same degree of cyclization due to the introduction of AM.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 175-176)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Lun Bai and Guo-Qiang Chen

Pages:

164-169

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.175-176.164

Citation:

J. Sun et al., "Pre-Oxidation Nanofibers from Acrylonitrile-Acrylamide Copolymers Synthesized by Solvent-Water Polymerization", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 175-176, pp. 164-169, 2011

Online since:

January 2011

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$35.00

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