EDC-Crosslinked Electrospun Silk-Fibroin Fiber Mats
Electrospun Silk-Fibroin (SF) mats were fabricated by electrospinning with regenerated Bombyx mori silk-fibroin/formic acid solutions. After spinning, the water soluble and mechanical properties of pure fibroin nanofibers were poor. So electrospun SF mats were crosslinked with N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N′-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC), a low cell cytotoxicity crosslinking agent, and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS), which can increase the reaction rate. The scanning electron microscope images indicated that the diameter of fibers increased with crosslinking reaction. When EDC/NHS reached to 7.5wt.%, the diameter of fibers achieved the maximum. The mechanical test showed that tensile strength enhanced after crosslinking with EDC/ NHS. While EDC/NHS reached to 7.5wt %, the rupture strength reached to (38.31±5.30) Mpa, and the breaking elongation ratio reached to (182.00±31.27) %. FTIR results showed the the proportion of β-sheet increased while random coil and α-helix decreased after treatment.
Lun Bai and Guo-Qiang Chen
R. Liu et al., "EDC-Crosslinked Electrospun Silk-Fibroin Fiber Mats", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 175-176, pp. 170-175, 2011