A new catalyst of gold supported on nanometal oxide for oxidation of SO2 was developed. Deposition-precipitation method was used to prepare gold-based catalysts. The catalytic activity of the catalysts was evaluated by determining the concentration of SO2 with gas chromatography under reaction temperature from 100 to 700°C. The results showed that there was an enhancement of catalytic activity when gold nanoparticles were dispersed on the surface of nano-metal oxides, furthermore, γ-Fe2O3 showed the highest activity as the support of the colloidal gold supported catalysts among the nanometal oxides including γ-Fe2O3, Fe2O3, ZnO, and Al2O3. It was also found that water vapour in the reaction enhanced the catalytic activity of Au/γ-Fe2O3. The Au/γ-Fe2O3 was characterized by XRD and FTIR methods, which indicated that the gold nanoparticles were dispersed on the γ-Fe2O3 support and sulfate species were formed on the surface of catalysts.