Simulation of Two-Dimensional Transverse Laser Cooling of Cesium Beam from Pyramidal Magneto-Optical Trap Atom Funnel
Simulation of two-dimensional (2D) transverse laser cooling of Cs atomic beam from pyramidal magneto-optical trap atom funnel (PMOTAF) conceived for atom lithography is presented. The results show that both the minimum full width at half maximum (FWHM) and the maximum peak value of the spatial profile of the atomic beam occur at the frequency detuning of optical molasses equals to -0.5 Г. Moreover, for each frequency detuning, an increase in the intensity of the optical molasses leads to smaller FWHM and higher peak value. The not negligible role of gravity on the atomic beam of sub-thermal longitudinal velocity along the horizontal direction is that every atomic trajectory possesses a parabolic motion either before or after laser cooling which leads to a noticeable displacement of the peak value at the observation plane with respect to the starting point.
Zhengyi Jiang, Shanqing Li, Jianmin Zeng, Xiaoping Liao and Daoguo Yang
B. W. Zhang et al., "Simulation of Two-Dimensional Transverse Laser Cooling of Cesium Beam from Pyramidal Magneto-Optical Trap Atom Funnel", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 189-193, pp. 3736-3739, 2011