Preparation of Nano-Kaolinite and Mechanism
With potassium acetate as an intercalation agent, kaolinite-potassium acetate(KAc) intercalation complexes was prepared. Afterwards, nano-kaolinite was successfully made through exfoliated intercalation complexes using power ultrasonic. The intermediate and final products were characterized by X-ray diffraction(XRD), infrared spectroscopy(IR), laser particle size analyzer, and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show that intercalation of KAc into kaolinite resulted in a crystal space expansion, from a basal spacing of 7.14Ǻ to 14.20 Ǻ, and the intercalation rate was about 80%. KAc intercalation causes the weakening of interlayer stability. It was shown that the particles of nano-kaolinite is very thin lamellar in shape, whose average thickness, average particle size, are 50 nm and 450 nm respectively.
Helen Zhang, Gang Shen and David Jin
S. L. Ding et al., "Preparation of Nano-Kaolinite and Mechanism", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 204-210, pp. 1217-1220, 2011