The purpose of this paper is that energy-efficient and land-saving buildings should be designed and constructed using low-tech approaches according to local regional properties, which is the foundation of the art of dwelling environment. The experiment consisted of three steps, which are described in: first and foremost, this paper submits that the climate crisis of global warming has become a problem and disaster faced by people all over the world. As every individual plays a part in leading to the outbreak of the disaster, our human beings should adjust our life style and structure to minimize our energy consumption. In the next place, this paper analyzes these reasons of the underneath type earth cave dwelling belonging to the type of building format, which possess the advantages of resource friendly and zero carbon emission. Finally, this paper takes the example of the underneath type earth cave dwelling in Bai She Village, San Yuan County of Shaanxi Province as a research case. In conclusion, this paper explains the art of dwelling environment in the format of underneath type earth cave dwelling after renovation and improvements in terms of technology and architectural esthetics.