Size Estimation of Tomato Fruits Based on Spectroscopic Analysis
This study used visible and near-infrared (VIS-NIR) spectroscopy for size estimation of tomato fruits of three cultivars. A mobile, fibre-type, VIS-NIR spectrophotometer (AgroSpec, Tec 5, Germany) with spectral range of 350-2200 nm, was used to measure reflectance spectra of on-vine tomatoes growing from July to September 2010. Spectra were divided into a calibration set (75%) and an independent validation set (25%). A partial least squares regression (PLSR) with leave-one-out cross validation was adopted to establish calibration models between fruit diameter and spectra. Furthermore, the latent variables (LVs) obtained from PLS regression was used as input to back-propagation artificial neural network (BPANN) analysis. Result shows that the prediction of PLSR model can produce good performance with coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.82, root-mean-square error of prediction (RMSEP) of 4.87 mm and residual prediction deviation (RPD) of 2.35. Compared to the PLSR model, the PLS-BPANN model provides considerably higher prediction performance with R2 of 0.88, RMSEP of 3.98 mm and RPD of 2.89. It is concluded that VIS-NIR spectroscopy coupled with PLS-BPANN can be adopted successfully for size estimation of tomato fruits.
Helen Zhang, Gang Shen and David Jin
H. Q. Yang et al., "Size Estimation of Tomato Fruits Based on Spectroscopic Analysis", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 225-226, pp. 1254-1257, 2011