Mechanical and vulcanization behaviors of styrene-butadiene rubber(SBR)/N330 and SBR/N330/PBMCN nanocomposites were investigated via partial replacement of SBR with pyrophyllite based modified composite nanopowder(PBMCN), which were prepared by melt mixing procedure. Results show a fairly good dispersion of PBMCN in the SBR/N330/PBMCN composites characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Mechanical and vulcanization behaviors of the as-abtained pruducts were measured according to GB/T 528-2009 and GB/T 16584-1996, respectively. Near properties in tensile strength, elongation at break and vulcanization behaviors were observed in SBR/N330/PBMCN nanocomposites when SBR was partially replaced by PBMCN for 8% mass fraction. A possible reinforcement mechanism of PBMCN to SBR/N330/PBMCN nanocomposites is also dicussed based on the experiment.