Determination of Trace Bismuth in Urine and Tap Water Samples by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry after Solid-Phase Extraction
In this paper, a new method for the determination of bismuth in urine and tap water is described. The methodology combines determined using a hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS) with pre-concentration of the bismuth on the modified organobentonite by dithizone (D-O-bentonite). Optimal experimental conditions for the adsorption and elution of the bismuth, including pH, contact time, eluent concentration, eluent volume and co-existing ions have been investigated. The result showed that the bismuth ion could be adsorbed on the D-O-bentonite. The adsorbed quantitive was affected by the pH value and contact time. In the medium of pH 5.0, the shaking time was 10 min, the adsorption capacity was 15.2 mg·g-1. The bismuth adsorbed on the modified organobentonite by dithizone could be completely eluated by using 2 mol·L-1 HNO3. The method has been applied to the pre-concentration/separation of bismuth in the human urine and tap water samples with satisfied results.
Ran Chen and Wenli Yao
D. Zhang "Determination of Trace Bismuth in Urine and Tap Water Samples by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry after Solid-Phase Extraction", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 230-232, pp. 884-887, 2011